The Science Behind Our 14 Night Sleep Program

Our 14 night sleep program is based on the following references. This list may grow over time as we develop the program further using our AI platform and may not be an up to date representation of all the research we have used.

  1. Taraban, L., & Shaw, D. (2018). Parenting in context: Revisiting Belsky’s classic process of parenting model in early childhood. Developmental Review48, 55-81. doi:10.1016/j.dr.2018.03.006

  2. Pinilla, T., & Birch, L. (1993). Help Me Make It Through the Night: Behavioral Entrainment Breast-Fed Infants' Sleep Patterns. Pediatrics, 91(2), 436-444.

  3. Kidd, C., Palmeri, H., & Aslin, R. (2013). Rational snacking: Young children’s decision-making on the marshmallow task is moderated by beliefs about environmental reliability. Cognition126(1), 109-114. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2012.08.004

  4. Arcan, C., Friend, S., Flattum, C., Story, M., & Fulkerson, J. (2019). Fill “half your child's plate with fruits and vegetables”: Correlations with food-related practices and the home food environment. Appetite133, 77-82. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2018.10.017

  5. Breeman, L., Jaekel, J., Baumann, N., Bartmann, P., Bäuml, J., & Avram, M. et al. (2018). Infant regulatory problems, parenting quality and childhood attention problems. Early Human Development124, 11-16. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.07.009

  6. Taraban, L., & Shaw, D. (2018). Parenting in context: Revisiting Belsky’s classic process of parenting model in early childhood. Developmental Review48, 55-81. doi:10.1016/j.dr.2018.03.006

  7. Burgoyne, Alex & Hambrick, Zach & Moser, Jason & Burt, S. Alexandra. (2018). Analysis of a Mindset Intervention. Journal of Research in Personality. 10.1016/j.jrp.2018.09.004. 

  8. Liang, L., Berger, U., & Brand, C. (2019). Psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among single mothers with young children: A population-based study. Journal Of Affective Disorders242, 255-264. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.013

  9. Moe, V., von Soest, T., Fredriksen, E., Olafsen, K., & Smith, L. (2018). The Multiple Determinants of Maternal Parenting Stress 12 Months After Birth: The Contribution of Antenatal Attachment Style, Adverse Childhood Experiences, and Infant Temperament. Frontiers In Psychology9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01987

  10. Malow BA, e. (2019). A practice pathway for the identification, evaluation, and management of insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

  11. McGrane, I., Leung, J., St. Louis, E., & Boeve, B. (2015). Melatonin therapy for REM sleep behavior disorder: a critical review of evidence. Sleep Medicine16(1), 19-26. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2014.09.011

  12. Carr, R., Wasdell, M., Hamilton, D., Weiss, M., Freeman, R., & Tai, J. et al. (2007). Long-term effectiveness outcome of melatonin therapy in children with treatment-resistant circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Journal Of Pineal Research43(4), 351-359. doi:10.1111/j.1600-079x.2007.00485.x

  13. Cortese, S., Faraone, S., Konofal, E., & Lecendreux, M. (2009). Sleep in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Meta-Analysis of Subjective and Objective Studies. Journal Of The American Academy Of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry48(9), 894-908. doi:10.1097/chi.0b013e3181ac09c9

  14. O'Brien, L., Holbrook, C., Mervis, C., Klaus, C., Bruner, J., & Raffield, T. et al. (2003). Sleep and Neurobehavioral Characteristics of 5- to 7-Year-Old Children With Parentally Reported Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. PEDIATRICS111(3), 554-563. doi:10.1542/peds.111.3.554

  15. Söderlund, G., Sikström, S., & Smart, A. (2007). Listen to the noise: noise is beneficial for cognitive performance in ADHD. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry48(8), 840-847. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01749.x

  16. Zhou, J., Liu, D., Li, X., Ma, J., Zhang, J., & Fang, J. (2012). Pink noise: Effect on complexity synchronization of brain activity and sleep consolidation. Journal Of Theoretical Biology306, 68-72. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.04.006

  17. Joshi, K., Lad, S., Kale, M., Patwardhan, B., Mahadik, S., & Patni, B. et al. (2006). Supplementation with flax oil and vitamin C improves the outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes And Essential Fatty Acids74(1), 17-21. doi:10.1016/j.plefa.2005.10.001

  18. Singh, M. (2005). Essential fatty acids, DHA and human brain. The Indian Journal Of Pediatrics72(3), 239-242. doi:10.1007/bf02859265

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  22. Wei, M., Russell, D. W., Mallinckrodt, B., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). The experiences in Close Relationship Scale (ECR)-Short Form: Reliability, validity, and factor structure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 88, 187-204.

  23. Erwin, A., & Bashore, L. (2017). Subjective Sleep Measures in Children: Self-Report. Frontiers In Pediatrics5. doi:10.3389/fped.2017.00022

  24. Walters, A., Lavigne, G., Hening, W., Picchietti, D., Allen, R., & Chokroverty, S. et al. (2007). The Scoring of Movements in Sleep. Journal Of Clinical Sleep Medicine03(02), 155-167.

  25. Caravale, B., Sette, S., Cannoni, E., Marano, A., Riolo, E., & Devescovi, A. et al. (2017). Sleep Characteristics and Temperament in Preterm Children at Two Years of Age. Journal Of Clinical Sleep Medicine13(09), 1081-1088. doi:10.5664/jcsm.6728

  26. Waters, S., & Mendes, W. (2016). Physiological and Relational Predictors of Mother-Infant Behavioral Coordination. Adaptive Human Behavior And Physiology2(4), 298-310. doi:10.1007/s40750-016-0045-9

  27. Aye, K., Lau, S., & Nie, Y. (2008). Relations of authoritative parenting style to student outcomes: The mediating role of self-efficacy and task

  28. Liang, L., Berger, U., & Brand, C. (2019). Psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among single mothers with young children: A population-based study. Journal Of Affective Disorders242, 255-264. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.013

  29. Burgoyne, A., Hambrick, D., Moser, J., & Burt, S. (2018). Analysis of a mindset intervention. Journal Of Research In Personality77, 21-30. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2018.09.004

  30. Doan T, Gardiner A, Gay CL, et al. Breast-feeding increases sleep duration of new parents. J Perinat. NeonatalNurs2007;21(3):200-6.

  31. Morrell JM. The infant sleep questionnaire: a new tool to assess infant sleep problems for clinical and research purposes. Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review 1999;4 1):20-6.

  32. Don N, McMahon C, Rossiter C. Effectiveness of an individualized multidisciplinary programme for managing unsettled infants. J Paediatric Child Health 2002;38 (6): 563-7.

  33. Waters, E., Merrick, S., Treboux, D., Crowell, J., & Albershein, L. (2000). Attachment security in infancy and early adulthood: A twenty-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 71, 684-689

  34. Collins, N. L., & Read, S. J. (1994). Cognitive representations of attachment: The structure and function of working models. In K. Bartholomew & D. Perlman (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships, Vol. 5. Attachment processes in adulthood(pp. 53-90). London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

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  36. Cassidy, J., & Kobak, R. R. (1988). Avoidance and its relationship with other defensive processes. In J. Belsky & T. Nezworski (Eds.), Clinical implications of attachment (pp. 300–323). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

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  38. Meltzer, L., Avis, K., Biggs, S., Reynolds, A., Crabtree, V., & Bevans, K. (2013). The Children's Report of Sleep Patterns (CRSP): A Self-Report Measure of Sleep for School-Aged Children. Journal Of Clinical Sleep Medicine. doi:10.5664/jcsm.2486

  39. Grigg-Damberger, M., Gozal, D., Marcus, C., Quan, S., Rosen, C., & Chervin, R. et al. (2007). The Visual Scoring of Sleep and Arousal in Infants and Children. Journal Of Clinical Sleep Medicine03(02), 201-240. Retrieved from

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  44. Mao, A., Burnham, M., Goodlin-Jones, B., Gaylor, E., & Anders, T. (2004). A Comparison of the Sleep?Wake Patterns of Cosleeping and Solitary-Sleeping Infants. Child Psychiatry And Human Development35(2), 95-105. doi:10.1007/s10578-004-1879-0

  45. Ablow, J., Marks, A., Shirley Feldman, S., & Huffman, L. (2013). Associations Between First-Time Expectant Women's Representations of Attachment and Their Physiological Reactivity to Infant Cry. Child Development84(4), 1373-1391. doi:10.1111/cdev.12135

  46. Khitrov, M., Laxminarayan, S., Thorsley, D., Ramakrishnan, S., Rajaraman, S., Wesensten, N., & Reifman, J. (2013). PC-PVT: A platform for psychomotor vigilance task testing, analysis, and prediction. Behavior Research Methods46(1), 140-147. doi:10.3758/s13428-013-0339-9

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  50. Blatter, K., Graw, P., Münch, M., Knoblauch, V., Wirz-Justice, A., & Cajochen, C. (2006). Gender and age differences in psychomotor vigilance performance under differential sleep pressure conditions. Behavioural Brain Research168(2), 312-317. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2005.11.018

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